Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrids
When referring to cannabis there are different strains described as indica, sativa and hybrid. Differences in sativa and indica were first noted in the 18th century when differences between their resin production and structure were realized. Genetic mixing from location to location began later when selective breeding and cross pollination was discovered and produced hybrids.
The most popular strain. It is dried, cooked and consumed as well as vaporized or smoked. It’s effects can vary depending on the strain and active ingredients. Sativa is known for it’s uplifting and energizing effects and make you feel happier. It has a high ratio of THC and is often used for medicinal purposes. It is a very large plant ranging from 6.5-19.5 feet in height. Sativa isn’t as dense in foliage, but makes up for it in height and is slow to flower. The leaves are long, delicate and narrow and the seeds are smooth and soft to the touch, with no spots or markings. Sativa plants thrive in temperate areas closer to the equator and is suitable for outdoor gardens. Many use sativa to relieve symptoms of depression, ADD, mood disorders and fatigue.
It is known for it’s healing qualities and many use it to relieve symptoms of insomnia, nausea, anxiety, headaches or migraines, epilepsy, muscle spasms, and alleviating pain. Indica is higher in cannabidiols (CBD) which have anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties. It is ideal for night time consumption due to its sedating and relaxing effects.
Indica is a shorter plant with thicker, darker leaves. Indica plants grow between 3.2-9.8 feet tall and are dense and bushy with round leaves. It’s seeds are soft and have a marbled color. It is perfect for indoor growing being that it’s short in height. It flowers much faster and are stickier to the touch than sativa.
Most of the marijuana we have today is hybrid. There are few pure stains of sativa or indica left. Modern cultivation and breeding have created a number of hybrid strains. Hybrids provide the best of both worlds. Hybrids can be sativa dominant, indica dominant or 50/50. Combining the strains can bring out properties from both for medicinal purposes.
Your own body chemistry will determine the affect a given strain gives you. THC and CBD along with their many other cannabinoids and terpenes will influence taste, scent and it’s effects. Just because a strain affects someone in a certain way, doesn’t mean it will affect you the same.
It is important to start with good genetics when growing marijuana.
If you are wanting to learn how to grow marijuana, it is good to know about the differences in strains.