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What are cannabinoids?

Simply put, cannabinoids are the chemical compounds in cannabis that provide a variety of effects. While you may be familiar with CBD and THC, we now know cannabis contains at least 85 different cannabinoids. While many are still being researched, certain cannabinoids have been proven to provide medical benefits such as relief from inflammation, nausea and pain.

Endocannabinoids work by interacting with our endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for maintaining our body’s homeostasis.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are the chemical compounds responsible for the scent and flavor of cannabis. Terpenes are emitted from the glands of cannabis plants. There are over 100 different terpenes that we currently know about, each giving a distinctive flavor and aroma. Terpenes interact with cannabinoids to heighten or decrease certain effects in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.

What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known by the acronym THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. THC is found in the resin glands of the female cannabis flower. THC works by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the human brain and creating a complex series of chemical reactions. THC has been proven to have medical benefits such as increasing appetite and reducing nausea.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

Cannabis is the botanical name for marijuana and contains many chemical compounds. It is believed by researchers that there are more than one hundred different cannabinoids or chemicals present in cannabis. One of the most important ones is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. This is the psychoactive ingredient, meaning it’s the ingredient that causes people to feel the euphoria or “high” that is generally associated with cannabis. Cannabadiol, or CBD, is another major chemical compound found in the plant. It does not produce the effects of feeling “high” like THC, but is rather associated with reducing anxiety symptoms and being studied to treat seizure disorders and reducing disordered thinking.

Both THC and CBD interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a network of neurotransmitters that regulate diverse physiological and cognitive processes and response to stress.

What is a landrace strain?

Landrace strains are the original strains of cannabis which developed in completely isolated environments over centuries.  These strains have never been cross-bred with other strains and have thus adapted and developed distinct characteristics suited to the climate and conditions of their geographic locations.

What are the differences between CBD from Hemp and CBD from Cannabis?

Cannabis-derived CBD is produced from cannabis plants, which are classified under federal law has having more than just trace amounts of 0.03% THC. Conversely, Hemp-derived CBD is produced from industrial hemp plants. Unlike cannabis, which is often grown to be ingested, hemp is grown for fibers to produce utility products like hemp clothing, hemp rope and hemp plastic.

Cannabis derived CBD is what is generally what is consumed by medical cannabis patients and recreational cannabis enthusiasts for its variety of medical affects. In states that prohibit cannabis completely, Hemp-derived CBD is the only CBD product legally available.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, more commonly known by the acronym CBD is a chemical compound in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive and as a result will not get you high. There is evidence that shows that CBD is an anti inflammatory, antioxidant and neuroprotectant. CBD is commonly used by medical cannabis patients for its stress-relieving and analgesic properties.


How long does THC stay in your system?

Urine can test positive for the carboxy metabolite of THC (the one usually tested for in urine screening) for weeks after the last exposure. The more one smokes, the longer one will test positive in the urine.  Blood testing is not usually done in the state of California since the active form of THC that is measured in the blood can either last much longer than the clinical effects in chronic smokers, or leave the bloodstream rapidly in occasional smokers who may still have some neurologic impairment, even with negative blood tests. This is why the state has declined to list a “per se” limit of blood THC for driving, electing to judge cannabis driving impairment at this time only on failing a field sobriety test.

Would CBD be shown as a positive result in a THC drug test?

Pure CBD oil is not supposed to contain THC, or much THC.  However, there may be production process differences that may allow a small amount of THC in some CBD products. If there is enough THC in the product, it may cause urine to test positive.  It would depend on the purity of the sample.

Has cannabis been shown to have an effect on pain?

Scientifically, the answer is yes, and we have clinical trial evidence that suggest cannabis can help alleviate neuropathic pain — a type of pain that is usually chronic and feels like a shooting or burning sensation in the body. Outside of this evidence, we are also discovering that cannabis can be used in place of or in combination with opioids. This is because cannabis, which interacts with the endocannabinoid system, is very similar to the body’s opioid system. This makes it an effective tool to help patients who would like to lower or completely remove opioids from their pain management regimen.

Are there any long term health effects from cannabis use?

Looking at adults and cannabis, which has traditionally had low levels of THC, it appears that the health effects are fairly minimal. Some other popular questions we are asked include:

  • Does smoking cannabis cause lung cancer? The short answer is no, unless cannabis is used in combination with tobacco, and the culprit for cancer would be lung cancer.
  • Does cannabis cause birth defects? There’s no evidence to support this in humans.
  • Does cannabis cause your immune system to somehow malfunction? Again, there is no data to support this.
  • Does cannabis cause brain damage? The answer to this is very unlikely.
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